National Lampoon Inhaltsverzeichnis
National Lampoon war ein US-amerikanisches Satiremagazin, das erstmals herausgegeben wurde. Ab wurden unter dem Namen auch. Die Griswolds fahren in den Urlaub. Hinter dem Lenkrad sitzt Clark Griswold, ein gewöhnlicher Familienvater, der mit seinen Liebsten die Weiten der amerikanischen Landschaft erleben möchte. Nach unzähligen Pannen, Entgleisungen, Fettnäpfchen. Die schrillen Vier auf Achse (Originaltitel: National Lampoon's Vacation) ist eine US-amerikanische Filmkomödie von Harold Ramis aus dem Jahr von Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für DVD & Blu-ray: "National Lampoon". Überspringen und zu Haupt-Suchergebnisse gehen. Amazon Prime. National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation. (19,)IMDb h 37minX-RayPG The comic misadventures of the beleaguered Griswold family continue in.
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Numerous "special editions" were also published and sold simultaneously on newsstands. Some of the special editions were anthologies of reprinted material; others were entirely original.
Additional projects included a calendar, a songbook, a collection of transfer designs for T-shirts, and a number of books.
The magazine sold yellow binders with the Lampoon logo, designed to store a year's worth of issues.
The original art directors were cartoonist Peter Bramley and Bill Skurski, founders of New York's Cloud Studio, an alternative-culture outfit known at the time for its eclectic style.
Bramley created the Lampoon' s first cover and induced successful cartoonists Arnold Roth and Gahan Wilson to become regular contributors.
Beginning with the eighth issue, the art direction of the magazine was taken over by Michael C. Gross , who directed the look of the magazine until A number of the National Lampoon' s most acerbic and humorous covers were designed or overseen by Gross, including:.
During his Lampoon tenure, Kleinman was also the art director of Heavy Metal magazine, published by the same company.
Kleinman designed the logos for Animal House and Heavy Metal. Kleinman left in to open an ad agency. Johnson went on to The New York Times.
He was followed by Michael Grossman, who changed the logo and style of the magazine. In , Kleinman returned as creative director and went back to the s logo and style, bringing back many of the artists and writers from the magazine's heyday.
He left four years later to pursue a career in corporate marketing. At that time, the National Lampoon magazine entered a period of precipitous decline.
Every regular monthly issue of the magazine had an editorial at the front of the magazine. This often appeared to be straightforward, but was always a parody.
It was written by whoever was the editor of that particular issue, since that role rotated among the staff. A few issues were guest-edited.
Trow , Chris Miller , P. Gerald L. Together with the masthead , it was one of the few parts of the magazine that was factual.
For many years John Bendel was in charge of the "True Facts" section of the magazine. Several "True Facts" compilation books were published in the s and early 90s, and several all-True-Facts issues of the magazine were published during the s.
Most issues of the magazine featured one or more "Foto Funny" or fumetti , comic strips that use photographs instead of drawings as illustrations.
The characters who appeared in the Lampoon's Foto Funnies were usually writers, editors, artists, photographers or contributing editors of the magazine, often cast alongside nude or semi-nude models.
In , a paperback compilation book, National Lampoon Foto Funnies which appeared as a part of National Lampoon Comics , was published.
The "Funny Pages" was a large section at the back of the magazine that was composed entirely of comic strips of various kinds.
These included work from a number of artists who also had pieces published in the main part of the magazine, including Gahan Wilson, Ed Subitzky and Vaughn Bode , as well as artists whose work was only published in this section.
Taylor , "Politeness Man" by Ron Barrett , and many other strips. A compilation of Gahan Wilson's "Nuts" strip was published in The Funny Pages logo header art, which was positioned above Gahan Wilson's "Nuts" in each issue, and showed a comfortable, old-fashioned family reading newspaper-sized funny papers, was drawn by Mike Kaluta.
From time to time, the magazine advertised Lampoon-related merchandise for sale, including T-shirts that had been especially designed.
The magazine existed from to Some consider its finest period was from to , although it continued to be produced on a monthly schedule throughout the s and the early s, and did well during that time.
However, during the late s, a much more serious decline set in. In , the company that controlled the magazine and its related projects which was part of "Twenty First Century Communications" was the subject of a hostile takeover by Daniel Grodnik, a Hollywood Producer, and Tim Matheson, an actor who starred in the Lampoon's first big hit, Animal House.
In it was sold outright to another company, "J2 Communications". At that point "National Lampoon" was considered valuable only as a brand name that could be licensed out to other companies.
The magazine was issued erratically and rarely from onwards. The first issue was April ; by November of that year, Michael C.
Gross had become the art director. He achieved a unified, sophisticated, and integrated look for the magazine, which enhanced its humorous appeal.
National Lampoon's most successful sales period was — Its national circulation peaked at 1,, copies sold of the October "Pubescence" issue.
The magazine was considered by many to be at its creative zenith during this time. It should however be noted that the publishing industry's newsstand sales were excellent for many other titles during that time: there were sales peaks for Mad more than 2 million , Playboy more than 7 million , and TV Guide more than 19 million.
Some fans consider the glory days of National Lampoon to have ended in ,  although the magazine remained popular and profitable long after that point.
The magazine was a springboard to the cinema of the United States for a generation of comedy writers, directors, and performers.
As some of the original creators departed, the magazine remained popular and profitable as it had the emergence of John Hughes and editor-in-chief P.
In , Matty Simmons who had been working only on the business end of the Lampoon up to that point took over as editor-in-chief. He fired the entire editorial staff, and appointed his two sons, Michael Simmons and Andy Simmons, as editors, Peter Kleinman as creative director and editor, and Larry "Ratso" Sloman as executive editor.
The magazine was on an increasingly shaky financial footing, and beginning in November , the magazine was published six times a year instead of every month.
In , the magazine was acquired in a hostile takeover by a business partnership of producer Daniel Grodnik and actor Tim Matheson who played "Otter" in the film National Lampoon's Animal House.
The company moved its headquarters from New York to Los Angeles to focus on film and television. The publishing operation stayed in New York.
But attempts to reinvigorate the brand failed, and Grodnick and Matheson sold the company two years after acquiring it.
In , the magazine and more importantly, the rights to the brand name "National Lampoon" were bought by a company called J2 Communications a company previously known for marketing Tim Conway 's Dorf videos , headed by James P.
J2 Communications' focus was to make money by licensing out the brand name "National Lampoon".
The company was contractually obliged to publish at least one new issue of the magazine per year to retain the rights to the Lampoon name.
However, the company had very little interest in the magazine itself; throughout the s, the number of issues per year declined precipitously and erratically.
In , an attempt at monthly publication was made; nine issues were produced that year. Only two issues were released in This was followed by one issue in , five in , and three in For the last three years of its existence, the magazine was published only once a year.
The magazine's final print publication was November , after which the contract was renegotiated, and in a sharp reversal, J2 Communications was then prohibited from publishing issues of the magazine.
J2, however, still owned the rights to the brand name , which it continued to franchise out to other users.
In , the use of the brand name and the rights to republish old material were sold to a new, and otherwise unrelated, company which chose to call itself National Lampoon, Incorporated.
During its most active period, the magazine spun off numerous productions in a wide variety of media. During the Chicago Blizzard of , writer John Hughes began developing a short story entitled "Vacation '58" for an issue of the National Lampoon.
While the story ended up being bumped from the initial vacation-themed issue, it was eventually published in September and subsequently optioned by Warner Bros.
I said, 'Yeah, it's a road trip. It's supposed to be episodic. You go from town to town, place to place. Most of them said the same thing, but there was one executive over there—a guy named Mark Canton —who really pulled for it and it got made.
Filming began in July and lasted 55 days. Louis , Missouri. In Hughes' original short story, the theme park was Disneyland.
To avoid legal troubles, all of the names associated with Disneyland were altered to sound-alikes. For instance, the park became Walley World, itself a good-natured parody of the Anaheim location, and the mascot, Marty Moose, is reminiscent of Walt Disney 's own Mickey Mouse.
Santa Anita Park's large parking lot and blue-tinged fascia served as the exterior of Walley World, while all park interior scenes were shot at Magic Mountain.
The movie's popularity gave rise to an ongoing cultural running gag of using the name "Wally World" spelled as "Wally" without an "e" as a nickname for real-life retailer Walmart.
The Wagon Queen Family Truckster station wagon was created specifically for the film. In the film Vacation a sequel to the original , the Wagon Queen Family Truckster reappears at the bed-and-breakfast garage of Clark and Ellen Griswold.
The Truckster used in this later film is the creation of Lisa and Steve Griswold, a real-life family living in Atlanta , who created the replica wagon to take family trips with their two daughters.
In July , the real-life Griswolds drove across the United States, visiting the locations seen in the original film, and ended their journey on the 31st anniversary of the film at Walley World Six Flags Magic Mountain , so they could ride the Colossus before Six Flags' planned closure of the roller coaster.
A soundtrack album was released in by Warner Bros. The film received positive reviews from critics. The site's consensus reads, "Blessed by a brilliantly befuddled star turn from Chevy Chase, National Lampoon's Vacation is one of the more consistent — and thoroughly quotable — screwball comedies of the s.
I couldn't figure out for anything why people didn't love that more". Janet Maslin of The New York Times gave the film a positive review, saying, " National Lampoon's Vacation , which is more controlled than other Lampoon movies have been, is careful not to stray too far from its target.
The result is a confident humor and throwaway style that helps sustain the laughs — of which there are quite a few. An exercise in the comedy of humiliation which is the stuff of shamefaced giggles.
It was later released again on VHS in , , and It was first released on DVD in The DVD was presented in an open-matte full screen presentation.
Its only feature was the film's theatrical trailer. A 20th anniversary DVD was released in It included an anamorphic widescreen transfer.
It also included an introduction with Chase, Simmons, and Quaid, a family truckster interactive featurette gallery, and the film's theatrical trailer.
A Blu-ray was released in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the retail store, see Walmart. This article is about the original film.
For the entire series, see National Lampoon's Vacation film series. Theatrical release poster by Boris Vallejo.
Chevy Chase as Clark W. Griswold, the patriarch of the Griswold Family. Imogene Coca as Aunt Edna, the aunt of Ellen.
John P. Navin Jr. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
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